is a great place to simply wander. The old city was once completely
surrounded by an extensive wall, much of which has sadly been ripped
away in recent times for building material. Some of it remains, however,
including the city gates and, inside them, the massive fort which rises
above the city and is the essence of Jaisalmer. The main market area is
directly below the hill, while the banks, the new palace and several
other shops and offices are near the Amar Sagar Gate to the west.
past glories can be seen in its impressive golden fort on Trikuta Hill
that dominates the horizon. The fort houses a township with markets,
palaces, temples and exquisite carved sandstone havelis. Today, these
homes are national treasures and art museums that are still inhabited.
This last outpost of the Indian Republic is valued for its heritage as
much as for its brave citizens, its people and culture, colourful
festivals and crafts have placed Jaisalmer on the world tourist map.Places
Havelis in Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer Fort is the most alive of any museum, fort
or palace that you are likely to visit in India. It was built in
1156 by the Rajput ruler Jaisala. About a quarter of the old city's
population resides within the fort walls. The fort is entered
through a forbidding series of massive gates leading to a large
- Jain Temples
Within the fort walls are a group of
beautifully carved Jain temples built between the 12th and 15th
centuries. They are dedicated to Rikhabdev and Sambhavanth. Gyan
Bhandar or Library : Some of the oldest manuscripts of India are
found in this library established as a part of Jain temples.
- Desert Culture
Centre and Museum The Desert Culture
Centre and Museum is a place which gives visitors an inside view of
Jaisalmer, its people and the area around it. The museum has an
extensive collection of old coins, textile, weaponry, traditional
Rajasthani musical instruments and fossils found in the desert.
- Gadsisar Lake
The Gadsisar Lake is an artificial
water body that stores rainwater in the harsh desert
landscape, it becomes a major attraction and a favourite picnic
- Salim Singh-Ki-Haveli
This haveli was built about 300
years ago and part of it is still occupied. Salim Singh was the
prime minister when Jaisalmer was the capital of a princely state,
and his mansion has a beautifully arched roof with superb carved
brackets in the form of peacocks. The mansion is just below the hill
and it is said, once had two additional wooden storeys in an attempt
to make it as high as the Maharaja's palace, but the maharaja had
the upper storeys torn down.
It is one of the largest and most
elaborate houses in Jaisalmer. It is five storeys high, extinsively
carved. It is divided into six apartments, two owned by the
Archaeological Survey of India, Two by families who operate
craftshops here, and two private homes.
This late 19th century haveli was
also a prime minister's house. This haveli was carved by two
brothers, one working on the right side and the other on the left.
Yellow sandstone elephants guard the building, and even the front
door is a work of art.
Jaisalmer has the classic desert type
climate extremely hot summer days with cool nights and bitterly
cold winter with freezing cold nights. On summer days, the average
temperature is around 41°C but can go as high as 50°C while
the minimum average is around 25° C. The summer season between the
months of March/April and August/September is not just hot but also
prone to frequent dust and sand storms accompanied by high velocity
winds. Rainfall is minimal with the region barely receiving 15cm of rain
annually. Winter days in the months between November and March are
warmer than expected with average temperatures of around 23.6°C,
partly because the desert sun still retains its intensity but night
temperatures fall to below -1°C, though the average is
approximately 5°/6°C. Frost is a common phenomenon in the
winter nights. How to Reach
- By Air
Indian Airlines operates flights to Jodhpur,
Jaipur, Mumbai and Delhi from Jaisalmer.
- By Bus
There are many deluxe buses operating daily
from Jaisalmer to Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner.
- By Train
There are two trains IJPJ and Jodhpur
express which operates daily from Jaisalmer to Jodhpur.