is a quaint town with a population of just over 200,000. Located 145 km
from Jaipur and 170 km from Delhi, it lies in the hills of the Aravalli
range and is surrounded by lakes, forests and palaces. An important
Rajput state, Alwar played a vital part in the history of Rajasthan. It
came under Muslim rule in the 13th century and in the 18th Century, the
Rajput ruler, Maharaja Pratap Singh, wrested it back from the invaders
and founded the then state of Alwar.History
city of Alwar forms an ancient Rajput state. It was formerly known as
Mewat. It was closest to imperial Delhi. In the 12th and 13 th centuries
the inhabitants of Alwar formed a group and raded Delhi. It was
ultimately Sultan Bulban who suppressed them, bringing the area under
the Muslims rule. Between 1775 and 1782 under the leadership of the
Naruka thakur (noble) Pratap Singh. His descendants were great patrons
of the arts , commissioning the transcription of numerous sacred and
scholarly texts and encouraging painters and artisans to visit the Alwar
court. In 1803, the British awarded the Alwar thakur with the title of
maharaja as thanks for their support in a battle against the Marathas.
This friendly alliance was short-lived, however, with the maharaja of
Alwar strongly resenting British interference in governance when a
British Resident was installed in the city. Following Independence,
Alwar was merged with the other princely states of Bharatpur, Karauli
and Dholpur, forming the United State of Matsya, a name which reflected
the fact that those states all comprised the ancient Matsya kingdom. In
1949, Matsya was merged with the state of Rajasthan.Climate
weather of Alwar is very moderate, it is advisable to visit it in the
winter season. The best month to visit Alwar in the month of September
to Feburary.Places to see
How to Reach
- Vinay Vilas Mahal (the palace complex)
complex is situated just below the Fort but some of it has been
converted into Govt. offices. The palace dates back to the 18th
century and is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture.
- Government Museum
The museum has a wonderful
collection of Mughal and Rajput paintings, rare art objects and
miniature writings. The weaponry in use at the time can also be seen
and is a reminder of the bloody battles that have been fought in
these beautiful surroundings. The museum remains closed to the
public on Fridays and public holidays. The surroundings can make for
many day trips such as to Vijai Mandir Palace, 10 km away. For
information regarding permissions needed for visiting the palace the
local tourist office can be contacted.
- Sariska Tiger Reserve and National Park
nearly 800 km of forests, the Sariska Reserve is one of the
reserves, which come under Project Tiger. Along with the
Ranthambhore National Park, it provides an opportunity for seeing
wildlife in Rajasthan.The wooded forests are home to the tiger,
nilgai (blue bull), sambhar, cheetal, four horned antelope and wild
boar. Within the park can be seen ruins of ancient temples. A palace
built by the rulers of Alwar State has now been turned into the
hotel - Sariska Palace. The park is notable for seeing wildlife at
night and the best season to visit the park is November to June.
- Vinay Vilas Palace
This garden palace was once the
residence of Maharaja Vinay Singh. Now a college is being run in
this magnificent building. The Garden of this palace and company
garden were watered by Siliserh lake through a long aqueduct.
- Tomb of Fateh Jung
This spectacular tomb has a
massive dome which is a fine blend of Hindu and Islamic
architectural styles. Fateh Jung was a minister of Mughal emperor
shah and related to Khanzada rulers of Alwar.
- Bala Quila (The Fort)
huge fort is famous for its history, which predates the Moghul
rulers. It runs 5 km from north to south, and nearly 2 km from east
to west standing 304 meter above the city. The fort is circumscribed
with several gates a few of which are named after various
personalities e.g. Jai Pol, Laxman Pol, and Suraj Pol.
- Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri
This impressive centopath
(chhatri) on the banks of 'Sagar' a beautiful lake, is dedicated to
Bakhtawar singh's mistress who performed sati here.The centopath
reflects Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion in
marble with columned pavalions and domed arches with exquisite
floral tracery, rests over the pillared red sand stone storey.
Mythological an d court scenes in fading gold leaf painting and
sculpture adorn the cieling.The memorial is rtated as one of the
finest in its class.The picturesque 'Sagar' or lake is a concrete
catchment with a pattern of stairs and tiny kiosks in perfect
symmetry along the sides.
Buses and taxis are available both from Delhi
(170 km) and Jaipur (145 km away).
Delhi and Jaipur are the nearest airports to
Comfortable rail connections are available to
Alwar from Delhi and Jaipur.